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Newsletter. Issue 26. December 21, 2013


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Christmas Reading

Christmas as Goa’s State Festival
Published on: December 24, 2012 - 02:03 | By Nandkumar M Kamat

Christmas is the time for non Christians to join the Christian brothers and sisters in a social communion to pay tributes to Jesus-the Emmanuel. Goans do it traditionally and voluntarily.

Christmas in Goa has not received the national and international attention it deserves because both central and state governments have no policy to champion what is good for people and the nation.

Politicians wish to divide the people with their selfish motives. Such artificial divisions have already drained India of her civilizational liberal and pacifist ethos. The central government took notice of blessed Mother Tereza of Kolkatta’s work only after she received a Nobel prize in 1979.

Christianity in India dates back to AD 55. The Assyrian Christians were present in Tiswadi when Goa was carrying out trade with Sassanid Empire in Persia. The Persian cross of 6th century, also known as Saint Thomas cross displayed at museum of major seminary of Pilar speaks volumes about the great cultural traditions of ancient Goa. Christianity in Goa may be 1500 years old, but Christmas on the scale and in style celebrated locally is relatively a modern phenomenon.

Christmas in Goa preaches love, charity, joy, family values, brotherhood, peace, unity and social harmony. However the most basic message of simplicity and humility tends to be forgotten as hedonistic lifestyles seem to take over the ancient Christian spirit. Here the revelations of Saint Augustine would be useful and would be given at the end of this article as a message for all Goans, not just Christians.

With deep and rich traditions of Christian devotional and church choir music, Christmas carol singing in Goa stands out in whole of India. A vast array of sweetmeats and special recipes are prepared for Christmas. The thousands of cribs and the nativity scenes created all over Goa, mostly with locally available materials are unique phenomena. The midnight and special masses and sermons also create a spiritual aura unprecedented in an increasingly affluent, consumerist and hedonistic society.

The church is the living body of Jesus and never denies entry to anyone who approaches the sacred in humility. That’s why everyone who loves Jesus-the Emmanuel is welcome to join the midnight masses. Small Christian communities in rural Goa need to be specially praised for their total devotion to the festival. Such a simple, god fearing community enriched my cultural and spiritual life in the Catholic dominated village of Kalapur-Santa Cruz. The midnight bells of the magnificent Augustinian Holy Cross church heard from childhood still reverberate in my mind when Christmas approaches. For the rest of India-a visit to Goa during Christmas would be a profound and positive, eye opener experience, to be revered and taken home because religious intolerance and social disharmony is on the rise everywhere.

It is not correct to market Christmas in Goa ONLY as a tourist attraction. The visitors need to be introduced to the rich spiritual, cultural and social elements of the festival. They should know that Christmas in Goa is not just singing, drinking, dancing and indulgence in hedonism. The Christmas festival ends with the feast of epiphany, January 6th. The feast of three kings-Rayache fest, is celebrated on that day at Reis Magos, Chandor and Cansaulim. This is also unique celebration in Asia and needs positive international and national projection.

The grand, wooden carved, painted nativity scene above the altar of ‘Reis de Magos’ church has no parallel in the world. On the breathtakingly beautiful, scenic and windswept hillock of Cansaulim, it was the dream of Cortalim ex-MLA late Mathany Saldanha to install a monolithic statue of Jesus Christ, similar to Sao Paulo Brazil’s 30m tall Art deco statue of Cristo Redentor (Christ the Redeemer) in a landscaped garden, overlooking the vast plains of Salcete to the south.

He told me that it would make the hillock a major international pilgrimage and cultural tourism centre. His wish needs to be fulfilled by Cansaulikars. Karen Armstrong in ‘A History of God’ has described the historical, social, cultural and political context of birth of Jesus. How the news of birth of a new prophet travelled so far, so fast?

The divinity of Jesus Christ had become known to the whole world even before He got baptized or began His ministry. A great story begins with Christmas and comes to end gloriously on Good Friday. The alpha and omega of the personified logos in Jesus- between these cardinal points, his whole life, teachings, work and message- shows simplicity, humility and sacrifice. These are cornerstones to build a new world. That’s what a very confused Saint Augustine discovered as he discovered Jesus. As he lay weeping he heard a child’s voice chanting a phrase - “pick up and read, pick up and read”. He took the child’s voice as an oracle. When he opened the New Testament, he found St Paul’s words to the Romans: “Not in the riots and drunken parties, not in eroticism and indecencies, not in strife and rivalry, but put on the Lord Jesus Christ and make no provisions of the flesh and its lusts.” Saint Augustine’s’ spiritual struggle was then over. He recalled - “I neither wished nor needed to read further, at once with the last words of this sentence, it was as if a light of relief from all anxiety flooded my heart. All the shadows of doubt were dispelled.” What St Augustine read and thought that he should not read further is eminently applicable to the contemporary condition of Goa and Goans.

Goa is now a wealthy, highly urbanised state which worships materialism, consumerism and is fallible to temptations of hedonism. Almost on the eve of Christmas a young, toiling mother drowned herself along with her two tiny, innocent daughters at Barcem, Quepem. Benumbed Goa is still searching for elusive answers. Our hearts should examine such incidents in Christian spirit and reach out to everyone and anyone in preventable agony and distress. That’s why a festival like Christmas deserves to be our common spiritual retreat, compelling all Goans to open their hearts, minds and search their souls. Merry Christmas!


Celebrations of Christmas and New Year’s Eve Nowhere Else, but in Mesmerizing Goa

Goa is an ultimate tourist destination and has been attracting tourists for long to spend their Christmas and New Year’s Eve in this renowned beach city of India, by the Arabian Sea. Exotic food, beer, parties, fun, frolic, live music, sun, sea and sand – that’s the ideal essence of this blissful state of Goa during Christmas and New Year’s bash. Goa lands of coconut, palms, splendid beaches, and above the all the sublime hospitality of Goan people make this state truly the most happening state in entire India. Fondly known as “The Rome of the East”, this small state was ruled by number of Indian Kingdoms and dynasties from 4th century onwards, the word Goa was derived from Konkani, a Goan Language, meaning a patch of tall grass. Splendid Goa is beautifully bordered by the majestic blue seas.

Well you might be worrying about the security of your beloved and yourself during the peak seasons of Christmas and New Year celebrations in Goa, India. Don’t worry at all as regarding security during this peak season for the travelers, high and standard security will be beefed –up on the renowned beaches and as well at other places of the state. Beaches including Calanguate, Anjuna, Baga and Candolim where hundreds and thousands of travelers are seen partying every year. According to the reports of media, the state police have subjected advisories to hotels, resorts, beach and beach shacks to install all necessary security tools and equipments including CCTV camera and metal detector door frames.

Entire guests checking in to hotels will be photographed for security reasons and the state police has also ensured their presence everywhere along the coastal belts. Amidst tautened security your celebration of Christmas and New Year will truly amaze you with the wonders of Goa.

Here's a list of attractions must be hunted forward while in Goa on Christmas and New Year's Eve for the Newlywed couples.

Goa Rave Parties
With honeymooners and other vacationer’s hordes the beaches in Goa which becomes a host to numerous Rave Parties, musical programs are a craze in Goa from Christmas to New Year’s Eve. Couples and other vacationers from every nook and corner of the entire world dance and sing to glory and trance music is played throughout the entire nights. Honeymooners should be very careful and remember drugs are a strictly prohibited here and elsewhere in the entire Goa. Police can take strict action if there are apprehensions of consuming drugs at the venue.

Sunburn at Candolim Beach
Don’t fear of Sunburn, as we are referring to a famous music festival which begins on 27 December, at Candolim beach in North Goa. It is as well one of the most sought after music festival in the entire world. Blaring out in music as some of the world’s top Djs will perform for you on Sunburn Festival at Candolim Beach in Goa offers the couple amazing romantic moment amidst the blue and glistering sands. The Sunburn Party is said to be one of the biggest parties in Asia which entices thousand of music lovers, honeymooners and other vacationers from across the world. Please note that ticket’s price vary from $50 to $200.

Night Parties at Anjuna Beach
Anjuna Beach is located just 18 km from Panaji, the capital city of Goa is one of the most popular spot among hippies for Trance Party which is highlighted by Goa trance Music. In 1960’s the Portugal culture in the state of Goa brought night parties and today Anjuna Beach rocks with renowned night parties every New Year and Christmas. Traditional Goa cuisines, the dance performances, live band shows and drinks throughout the night, truly Anjuna Beach Party offers the couples on their honeymoon awe inspiring experiences and fun at galore which will remain in your heart forever.

Konkani songs, Goa’s folk music Dulpods and Mandos and special Goan liquor feni which is prepared from coconut or cashew apple juice adds your celebrations of Christmas, New Year Eve on your honeymoon trip to Goa a memorable event which will always linger at your hear forever.

Shacks on Goa Beaches
Well it’s your honeymoon and if you want to enjoy some time away from the loud parties in Goa quietly during the Christmas and New Year Eve then Beach Shacks offer cheap and tranquil celebration with a traditional flavor. Beachside barbeque, exotic Goan food, Goa Trance Music, Bonfire and of course Feni along with the echoing waves sounds of seclude beaches will offer the couples romantic moments and an ideal calm beginning to a new year.

Cruise Parties
Cruise Parties in beautiful state of Goa is one among the best attractions for the newlywed couples and enjoying the cruise on the Christmas or the New Year Eve is like icing on the cake. Cruise parties are more capturing the fun of New Year celebrations in Goa, with a lot of the cruise liners alms partying advantage on. Food and drinks are on action in abundance, while music and entertainment assume assured in a Goan cruise party. The partying while cruising in River Mandovi is truly a dream come true experience for the couples in Goa who visit to this state from every nook and cranny of the world.

Thus celebrations of New Year’s Eve and Christmas along with your Honeymoon is nowhere in the world worth than magnificent Goa.

Posted by wilson tom at Friday, August 16, 2013


X’mas treats cheat sheet
From The Times of India | Yolande D'Mello,Mumbai Mirror | Dec 8, 2013, 12.42 PM IST

Here's the plan for a festive three-course meal, cake and traditional sweets without ever having to lift a ladle

Spending Christmas Eve singing carols around a decadent tree draped in buntings may be priceless. But for everything else, there's outsourcing. For the kitchen-impaired, who can't tell their saucepans from their shins, the secret ingredient to a traditional meal may be ordering it from the veterans of yuletide.

The stuffing syndicate
Jordon D'Souza quit his hospitality job in 2003 to start a family-run cold storage and Anglo-Indian catering service. He offers roast turkey (Rs 7,000 — slow cooked for seven hours over five days), suckling pig (Rs 6,300 — marinated and cooked for 12 hours, and roast duck. Stuffing can be personalised to include pork mince, cold cuts and dry fruits. But the eyebrow-raiser at his IC Colony, Borivali, shop is the turduckin (Rs 8,000). This one's a Russian doll of meats — a deboned chicken stuffed with beef or pork is stuffed into a duck that's then stuffed inside a turkey. For those who like to keep it safe, there's beef tongue (Rs 600) and sorpotel (Rs 800). All his produce comes from a Badlapur farm, and he promises at least half-an-inch of lard in his pork products. And standing testimony to his popularity is the fact that he ends up celebrating Christmas on December 27, after the workload has eased.

Neil Fernandes cooks countless batches of sorpotel (Rs 550) and vindaloo (Rs 550) at his Portuguese-styled bungalow off Carter Road. He delivers within a day of orders being placed, and will takes orders till December 20.

Luisa Rocha and her 100-year-old Farm Products shop in Colaba will deck dining tables with pork chops, smoked ham, spare ribs, beef steaks, pork roast, sausages and stuffed turkey. She won't let out the pricelist but gives us a mouth-watering description of the spread. "We are open to experimentation, but the turkey stuffing usually includes pork mince, mushrooms, green apples and herbs." Orders must be placed a week in advance.

Drunk on cake
Santacruz resident Betty Bayross is a meticulous baker and retired sociology school teacher. While the rest are feeding on Easter leftovers in March-April, she prepares for the traditional Christmas fruit cake (Rs 800) by soaking orange and lemon peel, cherries and raisins in rum for over six months. As if that wasn't enough, she pokes holes in them with a knitting needle, pouring a spoonful of dark rum into it daily to give it that mature flavour. They are generously emptied into the baking tray with cashew nuts making a dark dense cake. "Don't judge a cake by its colour," says Bayross, adding, "Food colouring can give you great results but won't help the taste." Fruit cakes usually last for two months since the rum acts like a preservative. She also bakes a lighter version with less fruit. Her marble cake (Rs 200), with blobs of chocolate scattered through is light, and the fluffy ribbon cake (Rs 180) is a hit with the kids. Order 10 days before Christmas.

Leah Drego also makes a mean fruit cake (Rs 1,100) with peels that have been soaked for 45 days. Or try the fruit cake coated with marzipan fondant (Rs 1,500), topped with Christmas-themed icing.

A sweet deal
Ann Dias has been kneading the dough for Christmas sweets since 1982. Before that, she was "taking care of the kids" says the Jaipur born East-Indian. Her 78-year-old bungalow in Dadar, one of the last remaining, is fragrant with aroma all year round. She prepares marzipans (Rs 1,000 per kg), milk cream (Rs 1,000), kul kuls (Rs 550), guava cheese (Rs 600) and channa dosh (Rs 550) for Christmas, and offers classes to those who'd like to learn. "Most young women prefer to order. I taught my daughter to cook these, and yet, she never fails to call up every December and ask her 'my quota' of goodies," laughs Dias. Colourful marzipans made with sugar and cashew nuts melt in the mouth, leaving a hint of rose water and vanilla flavour. Cocoa rocks form soft morsels of grated coconut, cocoa and ghee, and the guava cheese blushes to a pink after it has been cooked on a slow fire for 40 minutes are part of her offering. She says, "Overcooking will darken it and make it chewy. As for the milk cream, boil one-litre of milk down to a quarter but never stir it. You must be patient."


Fragments of A Legacy - John Maximian Nazareth (1908 – 1989)

AwaaZ a magazine published out of Nairobi, Kenya, devoted the cover story of its second issue in 2013 to J M Nazareth’s contribution in the pre independence period in Kenya. The story was assembled by Benegal Pereira from articles by Prof. Yash Ghai, who chaired Kenya’s Constitution Review Commission; Angelo Faria who lived in Kenya during Nazareth’s tenure and Dr Visho Sharma, who kindly agreed to read Nazareth’s book, Brown Man, Black Country, and provide a perspective.

Compiler Benegal Pereira was born and raised in Kenya during the height of the Mau Mau uprising, migrated to the US in 1986 and is currently based in New Hampshire, USA. In 1998, He founded the internet East African forum, Namaskar-Africana, and possesses one of the world’s largest private collections of books and materials devoted solely to East Africa.

Born in Nairobi on 21 February, 1908, Nazareth lived most of his life in Kenya until his death on 24 April, 1989, aged 81. Throughout those early years in Kenya, the solidarity between the Indian nationalists with African leaders, accelerated the decolonization process. Nazareth played an important part in organizing the boycott of LEGCO by the Asian and African members in February 1959, which led directly to the holding of the Lancaster House Conference.

The full story of how agreements were achieved at these conferences is told in a newly revised edition of his book - Brown Man Black Country - On the Foothills of Uhuru, edited by his daughter, Jeanne Hromnik, and shortly to be published as an e-book by Goa 1556. The e-edition of the book endeavours to make the text more accessible by inserting dates, clearly identifying quoted material, and correcting innumerable errors in the printed version.

Brown Man Black Country, written over several years, was completed in 1975. The first chapter ends with an unanswered question: ‘To go or not to go?’, referring to Nazareth's tormented decision as to whether or not to leave the country he can fairly be said to have loved and fought for.

Excerpt from Chapter 1 (‘To go or not to go’) of Brown Man, Black Country, by JM Nazareth, shortly to be re-published as an e-book by Goa 1556. The following anecdote relates to the difficult question for Asians in post-independence Kenya as to whether or not to take up Kenyan citizenship,

But even before the deadline, December 12, 1965, the authorities, overlooking the provisions of the Constitution prohibiting racial discrimination, had been declaring in the Kenya Gazette in their advertisements that preference would be given to citizens who were Africans. At least as early as January 1965, some ten months before the deadline, advertisements of vacancies began to appear of the Public Service Commission of Kenya with the following note: “In all cases preference will be given to qualified candidates who are Kenya citizens of African origin." On December 21, 1965, crossing the deadline, an advertisement in those terms appeared in the Kenya Gazette. (The issue of December 1965 contained a similar government notice, but in the issue of January 4, 1966, the note was changed to: “In all cases preference will be given to qualified candidates who are Kenya citizens.")

Such advertisements by public authorities, showing an open, plain disregard of the provisions of the Constitution and an attitude of racial discrimination among citizens themselves in public appointments, could not but have had a profound effect on the Asian community and particularly on the decision of those who were considering whether or not to apply for registration as citizens. The assurances in the Constitution clearly could not be taken at their face value since they were being blatantly and over a long, important period of time flouted by such a public authority as the Public Service Commission.

I had not read those advertisements at the time they had been appearing in 1965. It came as a shock to me when I first read one. This was not long before the Indian High Commissioner, Prem Bhatia, had a gathering over luncheon at his house in Muthaiga, on the outskirts of Nairobi. Such a plain disregard of the Constitution by public authorities I had not believed possible. Prem Bhatia wanted to obtain the views of prominent members of the Indian community as to the advice he should give Indians on whether or not they should apply for Kenyan citizenship. I feel that, because of his own views and/or the views of the Government of India, he wanted to encourage Indians here to apply for Kenyan citizenship;.

I have a fairly clear recollection of that gathering, though I am not clear as to its date. I think it must have been before the December 12 deadline in 1965. There were some 20 or 30 of us. After an excellent lunch, we sat in a large circle in the very pleasant grounds of the house. Bhatia introduced the subject in a few words and then handed over the discussion to us. As senior to me, I turned to S.G. Amin to speak first. But Amin demurred and so it fell to me to lead. I had not yet recovered from the shock of those recently read racially orientated advertisements in the Kenya Gazette. I began by saying that I myself had taken Kenyan citizenship in 1963, very soon after independence, and that I had no regrets about having done so. But I had never undertaken the responsibility of advising anyone else for or against applying. I then quoted a sentence of Harold Laski which I had read many years earlier in his Grammar of Politics and which had made a deep impression on my mind. "A State which discriminates against any of its citizens forfeits its claim to their allegiance.” I quoted that from memory, not accurately. (The correct quotation is: “Where the State discriminates between men … it is, to the degree of differentiation, denying its claim upon those excluded from the enjoyment of rights.”)

I had not intended to speak either for or against seeking Kenyan citizenship and had intended to adhere to my rule of telling those who sought my advice that it was a practical matter for their own personal decision, to be taken in the light of each one’s individual circumstances. But when I quoted that sentence of Laski’s, Prem Bhatia hurriedly interposed with “Thank you, thank you, Mr. Nazareth” and turned to Amin.

Amin was his usual woolly self, skirting round the question but never facing up to it, and he left his audience no wiser than when he started. Most of those present expressed their views, some for, some against. I, for my part, discovered no clear trend. But a substantial section, it appeared to me, were deeply troubled as to what might happen to them if they became Kenyan citizens, that they would probably be discriminated against, perhaps left high and dry. And, if they were deprived of their citizenship, after having renounced the British citizenship they had been born with, where would they be? When the gathering broke up and we went our several ways no clear view had emerged.

The African politicians generally had no desire that Asians should register as citizens. As to the practice of some of them of blaming Asians for not seeking registration as Kenyan citizens, Prem Bhatia’s words show clearly enough that this was merely a convenient pretext tor a policy of racial discrimination against Asians: “I am firmly of the view that had all the 1,00,000 ‘"brown Britons’" applied after 12 December 1963 for Kenyan citizenship, not even 50 per cent would have been accepted.”(Indian Ordeal in Africa, Vikas Publishing, p.40).

It is difficult, when so much feeling and not a little practical thinking is involved in a decision, to fix the time when I began to change, to move away from my long-standing decision to live it out in Kenya and when I began to entertain the idea of leaving Kenya for Goa. The change may have started almost imperceptibly, without my even realising it, around August 1966 …


Birdman of London - Biography of John Ambrose Rosario Cardoso
By his son, Roque Cardoso | Roque Cardoso –A Profile

Roque Cardoso left Kenya in 1964 with his younger brother, Calisto, on a ship from Mombasa stopping at Djibouti where French Foreign Legion troops came aboard for the voyage to Marseilles. The two were befriended by a Belgium Catholic Priest who recognized their musical talents and encouraged them to form a band with some of the troops. With Roque playing the trumpet, and Calisto the clarinet, the impromptu band became popular, entertaining dinner guests on the upper decks. From Marseilles the two travelled to London by train, staying at the Catholic International Hostel in Manor House.

Roque, , Calisto, and the late Camilo De Souza, were founding members of the East African Catholic Society formed to take care of the social needs of the many Goan youth moving to UK. This Society later merged into the now Goan Association (UK) in 1973, with Roque serving as the first editor of their newsletter.

He married a Goan girl in London in 1974, and with their 3 children moved to Canada in 1989. Now retired, he dotes over his two grandchildren


Sometime in the 1970's and 1980's, an old man could be seen carving birds on heavy oak doors of churches and cathedrals in London, England. John Ambrose made it his mission to visit as many churches as he could in the Greater London Area. Once, when I was giving some friends, the tour of the city, I noticed bird drawings on a bus stop and later, on a church door in Trafalgar Square. I said gosh'. "Old man was here".

In 1980, in one of the London travel magazines, I saw my dad's photo taken in Trafalgar Square He was wearing a hat and a shoulder bag, feeding the birds. Every morning he use to go to Finsbury Park, not far from his home, loaded with bread crumbs to feed the birds. The birds use to follow him to his apartment on the first floor, and sat on the window sill singing..

One day in Wood Green, London, I happen to witness my old man, drawing a picture of a bird on a bus stop. A little girl and her mother were waiting for a bus. The little girl said. "Look! That man drew a bird" The old man hearing this said to the young girl, that's the Holy Spirit". He then opened his wallet and gave the girl a five pound bill. On seeing me, my dad was shocked, but not a word was exchanged between us.

John Ambrose was born Fontainhas, Panjim,Goa, and graduated from LeeCO, a Portuguese college. He majored in Portuguese and later, as a linguist learned to speak many European, Asian and African languages. At a young age John Ambrose hungered for adventure, and went to Bombay, joining the Kodak Company, and learning the photographic trade.

But John Ambrose wanted to see the world. He found work on a swift sailing schooner, which roamed the seas from the East African shoreline to the Orient. The ship carried valuable cargo:- silk from China, spices from Japan, silver from Manchuria and horses from Arabia. During the many months of travel, they would encounter pirate ships, waiting to plunder their valuable cargo. The ship's captain would lock young Ambrose in the galley. For hours he would sit with the cook listening to the thunder of cannon above.

On a trip from Orient to the East African coastline, the schooner encountered a gale force storm. One of John Ambrose's ship mate climbed up the mast to free the canvas sail . Just then a gigantic wave hit the schooner. The mate fell in the sea never to be seen again. This devastated Ambrose, so when the ship docked in Mombasa's old port harbour, he jumped ship.

During World War I, John Ambrose was drafted into the British Army and he and his regiment were taken prisoners of war, in Constantinople, now known as Istanbul. Not much was known about his exploits in the army. During his travels, John Ambrose recalls the journey to Kashmir/Afghanistan. The winters were so bitter that he had to carry a clay pot, filled with hot coal, on his back, to keep warm- just as Marco Polo did, during his travels in the 14th century.

Following the war John Ambrose settled down in Kericho, Kenya, to work in the many tea estates there. He became an expert taster grading teas which were shipped to London, UK, for distribution to the British Commonwealth. While in Kericho, he joined the Kenya Police reserve and also became a registered game hunter.

Photography, which he learned in Bombay, became his favorite hobby. In the 1930's, he was the only photographer in the Rift valley region. John Ambrose took pictures of important events and dignitaries i.e. Governors and VIPS visiting the region, the opening of railway stations, new tea factories, new towns, weddings, family portraits and wild life. Many of his photos were featured in calendars in the later years.

In Kericho, John Ambrose played cricket for the European club - the only Asian to be admitted into the exclusive Kericho Tea Hotel. Whatever spare time he had, he played the violin, a little bit out of tune.

Not much was known about John Ambrose’s parents and grandparents. (perhaps, my brothers and sisters and our cousins and relatives, who are scattered all over the world, will fill these chapters ).

In 1936 John Ambrose went back tohis ancestral home in Fontainhas, to marry a young girl from Assnora, named Irlanda Ferrao in. He took his bride to his home in Kericho to start a family.. Their eldest son, Edward was born in 1937, followed by more sons. Mario, Roque, Francis, Calisto and their two daughters, Theresa and Rita. As there were no schools in Kericho, at that time, John Ambrose sent his wife and children for their education to Goa The children were enrolled in an English school, in Arpora, where they lived there for 8 years until the end of World War II

After 33 years in tea industry in Kericho, he retired, moving to Mombasa to open an exclusive Continental Store , the first of its kind, named Cardoso & Ferrao (the second name being his wife’s surname) The family lived above the store in Makupa, where all the brothers and sisters completed their education, at Goan High School and Convent School, Mombasa.

While running his store, he was approached by the Government of Mozambique , (on recommendation of The British Tea Company) to build tea factories there. His fluent knowledge of Portuguese helped him to setup 4 tea factories there.
Fifty years ago when Kenya became independent, his children moved to London. Missing them greatly, he sold his store and moved to London living in his own flat in Manor House London, and acquiring fame as the “Birdman of London”, passing away quietly in his sleep in 1989.

P.S. Well Dad, here it is, you old rogue elephant: the mystery of your origins and the paradox of your career, revealed by your sons and daughters. But this is not only your story, it is also the story of our lives with you, because we are the wax in which you left your deepest impression.

This article was originally written by Roque Cardoso, his third son for Father’s Day June 15, 2003.

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